Thursday, February 10, 2011

What is the relationship of art to nature???

Throughout history nature has acted as inspiration and subject matter for artists and designers.

The Golden Ratio

Perhaps the most important link between nature and art is the concept of The Golden Ratio.

The Golden Ratio is a number aproximately equal to 1.618 and is derived from forms found throughout nature. It relates to geometry, art, architecture and many other fields.
It began during the Renaissance in literature written about aesthetics and it is here that the concept was developed. Since this many artists and designers have used the golden ratio in aspects of their work as they believe it makes the most beautiful and visually pleasing shapes.

It appears in many buildings and works of art. Perhaps the best architectural example of this is The Parthenon in Rome.

Sunday, December 5, 2010

Vitruvius Roman Order

Vitruvius (Marcus Vitruvius Pollio), born around 84 B.C. and died after 27 A.D. Marcus Vitruvius Pollio was an architect, engineer and writer. He is most famous for his writings of the book De Architura otherwise known as the ten books of architecture.

De Architectura
First (edited) publication in 1486 and is divided into 10 books about;
·        Book I: City planning and Architecture in general
·        Book II: Building materials and constructions
·        Book III: Temple construction
·        Book IV: Temple proportions of columns
·        Book V: Public buildings (theatres and baths)
·        Book VI: Private and agricultural buildings
·        Book VII: Floors and stucco decorations
·        Book VIII: Water installations
·        Book IX: Astronomy
·        Book X: Civil and military engines

According to book 1, Chaer 3, “The Department of Architecture” of Vitruvius’s writings, all
architecture must exhibit certain qualities. These qualities are firmitas, utilitas and
Firmitas: meaning strength and endurance which refers to the structural stability of the building and also the buildings longevity. This would be achieved by the building of solid foundations and the use of good materials.
Utilitas: meaning utility and usefulness. This is achieved by the spaces being situated correctly to ensure the functionality of the building and to efficiently facilitate the buildings purpose.
Venustas: meaning beauty and aesthetics. This is achieved by creating a pleasant appearance to the building and in the creation of proportionate spaces within that obey the laws of symmetry. 
The Panthen, Rome
Even though the Pantheon was built after Vitruvius’s death it is a good example of roman architecture that displays the three qualities discussed above.

Exterior view of the Panteon, Rome

Interior view of the Panteon, Rome

Drawings of the Panteon, Rome

Thursday, November 18, 2010

Des!gn Elements & Pr!nc!ples

Design element and the principles describes the fundamental on the ideas, practice and strategies for good visual designs. The elements being used when we describe the design, and the principles helps us to understand composition in a larger scale. First step to create a successful visual composition is being aware on design principles. The principle can overlap each other and be used in all visual design.


This image shows us some of the element and principles that work very well together in harmony and unity. In the back ground, you can see the staircase that leads to the next floor. You find a black massive column in the middle ground with horizontal lines from the roof down to the floor. Lounge seating behind the column and under the mezzanine on the right side. All the the horizontal and vertical lines from the column, furniture, speakers on the slabs between ground and upper floor, wall boards and the suspended ceiling goes parallel with each other and create a slick and elegant atmosphere. The primary colour black gives a contrast to the second colour yellow/gold that create the feeling of luxury. Both of this elements harmonize very well together to create that high class style. The shape of the wall board start from the ground and continous up to the next floor and ceiling with a back light . This repetition of the board create the primary vocal point in this space.